Electric vehicle words
2 min read

Electric vehicle words

Electric vehicle words

Welcome to this week’s issue of the Giant Mandarin newsletter. This week’s newsletter is about electric vehicles.

In this week’s Elementary–Intermediate Words we focus on essential words for talking about cars (whether electric, petrol or diesel powered) and the transition to electric cars.

In Advanced Words, we focus on words for talking about self-driving cars—a topic that goes hand-in-hand with electric cars.

Finally, in Supplementary Reading we suggest three English-language pieces on electric vehicles. We hope you enjoy this week’s newsletter!

Elementary–Intermediate Words

  1. 电动 diàndòng/汽油 qìyóu/柴油汽车 cháiyóuqìchē - electric/petrol/diesel car
  2. 汽车 qìchē - car (formal) 🚗
  3. 车 chē - car (colloquial) 🚙
  4. 辆 liàng - measure word for vehicles
  5. 电池 diànchí - battery 🔋
  6. 行业 hángyè - industry
  7. 转型 zhuǎnxíng - to transform structurally; structural transformation
  8. 普及率 pǔjílǜ - popularization rate
  9. 普及 pǔjí - popular; to popularize
  10. 率 lǜ - rate

Advanced Words

  1. 自动驾驶 zìdòngjiàshǐ - self-driving
  2. 自动 zìdòng - automatic 🤖
  3. 驾驶 jiàshǐ - to drive (formal) 🚦
  4. 交通事故 jiāotōngshìgù - traffic accident 🤕
  5. 数据 shùjù - data 💾
  6. 积累 jīlěi - to accumulate; accumulation
为了鼓励自动驾驶技术进步,多个国家推出适应性政策,允许自动驾驶汽车上路测试,但需要遵守特定规范。

北京开放自动驾驶高速测试场景 商用车需购买高额事故责任险, Caixin, July 28, 2021

  1. 适应性 shìyìngxìng - adaptability
  2. 测试 cèshì - to test
各种造车新势力正在纷纷进入造车市场,成为汽车产业电气化智能化变革的排头兵,这当中有小鹏、蔚来、理想等头部造车新势力,还有比亚迪、欧拉、极氪、赛力斯等头部或背靠头部民营车企的品牌,更有华为、百度等科技公司,一时之间,跨界造车的话题被人们热议。

智能车“未来已来”, Daily Business (affiliated with Hangzhou Daily), August 22, 2021

  1. 电气 diànqì/智能化 zhìnénghuà - electrification/”smartification”
  2. 势力 shìli - force (as in military forces or police force but more widely applicable)

Supplementary Reading

Curated content to supplement coverage in newspapers and magazines

  1. The Road to Electric Is Filled With Tiny Cars, Lavender Au, Rest of World
  2. Millions of Electric Cars Are Coming. What Happens to All the Dead Batteries?, Ian Morse, Science Magazine
  3. How Software Is Eating the Car, Robert N. Charette, IEEE Spectrum

That’s it for this week.

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Thanks for reading and see you next Thursday!

Giant Mandarin (@GiantMandarin) is written by David Wu (@davidwuio).